In any given year, California alone has typically accounted for roughly half of total enrollment in year-round school calendars nationally.Tags: My School Essay Writing In EnglishEveryone Is Unique EssayHow To Write A Synthesis PaperExample Of Rationale In Research ProposalArgumentative Essay On Death PenaltyBasic Business Plan Template Pdf
The multi-track year-round calendar has therefore gained the reputation of being a cost-saving remedy to school crowding.
As an additional motivation, many researchers and policymakers have argued that by redistributing the summer break, year-round school calendars could alleviate summer learning loss, the well-documented loss of knowledge that students experience in the summer months spent out of school on a traditional calendar.
This summer learning loss has also been shown to be larger for students from traditionally disadvantaged groups.
In the face of school crowding and fears about inequality-inducing summer learning loss, many schools nationwide have started to adopt multi-track year-round calendars., Graves, Mc Mullen and Rouse (2013) discuss their research on year-round school calendars and explain why policymakers both in California and across the nation need to proceed with caution when considering this policy tool.
Year-round calendars redistribute the same number of school days more evenly across the year.
A particular type of year-round calendar, multi-track, does this in a way that supports a larger student body in the same school facility.
Second, policymakers should exhibit particular caution in schools in which the low-income and/or minority populations are large.
The challenges faced by schools with very high minority, low socioeconomic status and potentially English-learner populations (as found in California) are likely to differ from schools where this demographic does not make up as large of a proportion of the students (as found in Wake County, North Carolina).
In theory, year-round school calendars could just as easily harm students, by disrupting the flow of learning, as help them by breaking up the long summer vacation.
The main studies reviewed by Graves, Mc Mullen and Rouse find large negative effects of year-round calendars in California and largely neutral effects in Wake County, North Carolina, two cases where the multi-track year-round school calendar was widely implemented.