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The importance of gender equality has been emphasized.Following the changes in the payment systems, the roles of personnel management has increased significantly.The payment systems has become complex with the emergence of the centralized wages (Bratton and Gold 2001: 7).
The development of these new functions led to emergence of new specialists for ensuring that these needs are met.
From around 1930s and 1950s, the human resources department profession was run by applied and academic disciplines from the system theory and behavioural sciences (Jamrog and Overholt 2004: par 4).
This is after the realization of the extent to which this department can contribute in attaining organizational goals. There is also increased need for human resource out sourcing.
This has raises a need for more expertise in the field of human resources.
By 1914, approximately one thousand women supervisors had been assigned the duties of regulating and observing the conditions of work in their respective organizations (Bratton and Gold 2001: 7).
Responsibilities which have been traditionally associated with men are now open for women.According to Jamrog and Overholt (2004), these changes have led to establishment of personnel departments from early 1920s (par 2).These developments in the human resources management necessitated the establishment of various personnel department in various organizations.Poor human resource management can easily dip an organization into losses as the organization may not be able to maximize the use of human assets.The main role of the human resource management is therefore ensuring that the organization receives maximum benefits from the human resources.Over the last 100 years, the human resource management has undergone a number of changes.These changes have been fuelled by the technological development as well as the changes in the organizational structure over the past.In the early 1900s, labour unions were less prevalent.However, the need for labour unions has increased in the current business world.Organizations are never organized in similar ways as they were in the last 100 years.Technologically advancement has also triggered changes in the human resources management in various aspects.