Just as students have deadlines to turn in their class papers, academic researchers also must meet the deadline for submitting a research manuscript to a journal.
Therefore, the time available to study a research problem and to measure change over time is constrained by the deadline of your “assignment.” Make sure you choose a research problem that you will be able to complete well before the assignment’s deadline.
If your sample size is too small, it will be difficult to identify significant relationships from the data.
Normally, statistical tests require a larger sample size to ensure that the sample is considered representative of a population and that the statistical result can be generalized to a larger population.
But two main categories of limitations are those that result from the methodology and those that result from issues with the researcher(s).
Limitations due to methodological problems can be addressed by clearly and directly identifying the potential problem and suggesting ways in which this could have been addressed—and SHOULD be addressed in future studies.However, depending on the scope of your research topic, prior research studies that are relevant to your thesis might be limited.When there is very little or no prior research on a specific topic, you may need to develop an entirely new research typology.Limitations that arise from situations relating to the researcher or researchers (whether the direct fault of the individuals or not) should also be addressed and dealt with, and remedies to decrease these limitations–both hypothetically in your study and in future studies–should be proposed.If your research involved surveying certain people or organizations, you might have faced the problem of having limited access to these respondents.Whether these limitations are anticipated or not, and whether they are due to research design or to methodology, they should be clearly identified and discussed in the Discussion section–the final section of your paper.More specifically, try to place study limitations near the of this section, after you have touted some of the strengths of your methodology.However, you might have had limited ability to gain access to the appropriate type or geographic scope of participants.In this case, the people who responded to your survey questions may not truly be a random sample. Study limitations can exist due to constraints on research design or methodology, and these factors may impact the findings of your study.However, many researchers are reluctant to discuss the limitations of their study in their papers, feeling that bringing up limitations may undermine its research value in the eyes of readers and reviewers.