If you are writing a research paper for a particular course, the professor may require that a specific citation style be used for the assignment.Read the course syllabus carefully--if citation style is not specified in the syllabus, ask your instructor investing time and effort in the formatting of your notes and bibliography.Here is a list of published guides to citation style, available in print from the WCSU libraries, for use in citing sources published in print and online.
The publisher's conventions of abbreviation are usually stated at the beginning of each index volume, often in a list of "Abbreviations of Periodicals Indexed." Abbreviated titles are rarely used in electronic journal databases.
Unfortunately for the student, there is no single standardized format for citations.
Also, the publication date for a book is usually given as the year, rather than the month and year, as may be the case for an issue of a periodical.
A citation for an article published in a periodical (newspaper, magazine, or scholarly journal) can be distinguished from a book citation by the presence of 1) the article title, 2) the journal title, 3) the volume number, and 4) inclusive page numbers.
Different forms have evolved through usage in specific disciplines.
The three most commonly used citation styles have been developed by the Modern Language Association (MLA) for use in the humanities, the American Psychological Association (APA) for use in the social sciences, and in This lack of uniformity can make life difficult for the student.
Plagiarism is presenting the words or ideas of someone else as your own without proper acknowledgment of the source.
When you work on a research paper and use supporting material from works by others, it's okay to quote people and use their ideas, but you do need to correctly credit them.
The elements included in a citation depend on the format of the material cited (book, article, electronic document, etc.).
A book citation can be distinguished from an article citation by the presence of 1) place of publication and 2) publisher.