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In particular, in the process of thinking about a problem individuals sometimes "restructured" their representation of the problem, leading to a flash of insight that enabled them to reach a solution.In (1915) Wolfgang Köhler described a series of studies with apes in which the animals appeared to demonstrate insight in problem solving situations.
In 1911 Edward Thorndike had developed his law of effect after observing cats discover how to escape from the cage into which he had placed them.
This greatly influenced the behaviourist view of problem solving: process.
The extroverts are more likely to focus on what's happening around them.
It's as if extroverts are seeing "what is" while their introverted peers are asking "what if.” ― “Love begets wisdom, thus it is, as often misconceived, more than vain layers of tenderness; it is inherently rational and comprehensive of the problem within the problem: for instance, envy is one of the most excused sins in the media of political correctness.
There are not more than five cardinal tastes, yet combinations ofthem yield more flavours than can ever be tasted.” ― “If you get stuck, get away from your desk.
Take a walk, take a bath, go to sleep, make a pie, draw, listen to music, meditate, exercise; whatever you do, don't just stick there scowling at the problem.What did Maier do that led some people to get the correct solution? However, problem spaces can be very large so the key issue is how people navigate their way through the possibilities, given their limited working memory capacities. For many problems we possess domain knowledge that helps us decide what to do.But for novel problems Newell and Simon proposed that operator selection is guided by cognitive short-cuts, known as heuristics.But that phrase should not be considered a term of disparagement.The Band-Aid is an inexpensive, convenient, and remarkably versatile solution to an astonishing array of problems.But don't make telephone calls or go to a party; if you do, other people's words will pour in where your lost words should be. Be patient."[The Guardian, 25 February 2010]” ― tags: challenge, challenges, inspirational, inspirational-attitude, motivational, overcoming-adversity, overcoming-challenges, overcoming-obstacles, positive-attitude, positive-thinking, problem, problem-solving, problems, success, successful-mind, triumph “Solving a problem for which you know there’s an answer is like climbing a mountain with a guide, along a trail someone else has laid.In mathematics, the truth is somewhere out there in a place no one knows, beyond all the beaten paths. It might be in a crack on the smoothest cliff or somewhere deep in the valley.” ― “We always hope for the easy fix: the one simple change that will erase a problem in a stroke. Instead, success requires making a hundred small steps go right - one after the other, no slipups, no goofs, everyone pitching in.” ― tags: bow, confidence, human, humans, inspiration, inspirational, inspirational-quotes, motivation, motivational, motivational-quotes, philosophy, problem-solving, problems, respect, respectable, respected, respectful, respecting, respecting-others, respecting-yourself, self-respect, stubborn, stubborness, stubbornly, stubbornness, wisdom, wisdom-quotes “A critic looking at these tightly focused, targeted interventions might dismiss them as Band-Aid solutions.Behaviourist researchers argued that problem solving was a process; that is, organisms faced with a problem applied behaviour that had been successful on a previous occasion.Successful behaviour was itself believed to have been arrived at through a process of trial-and-error.For a real life example of overcoming fuctional fixedness, see: Overcoming functional fixedness: Apollo 13 Questions: What do you think of Köhler's claim that his apes had demonstrated insight?What proportion of Maier's participants spontaneously found the solution before getting any kind of hint? The problem space for the eight puzzle consists of the initial arrangement of tiles, the desired arrangement of tiles (normally 1, 2, 3….8), and all the possible arrangements that can be arrived at in between.