The basis for the learning of attachments is the provision of food.
An infant will initially form an attachment to whoever feeds it.
Specifically, it shaped his belief about the link between early infant separations with the mother and later maladjustment, and led Bowlby to formulate his attachment theory.
John Bowlby, working alongside James Robertson (1952) observed that children experienced intense distress when separated from their mothers.
Attachment behavior in adults towards the child includes responding sensitively and appropriately to the child’s needs. Attachment theory explains how the parent-child relationship emerges and influences subsequent development.
Attachment theory in psychology originates with the seminal work of John Bowlby (1958).
Three measures were recorded: Infants indiscriminately enjoy human company, and most babies respond equally to any caregiver.
They get upset when an individual ceases to interact with them.
From 3 months infants smile more at familiar faces and can be easily comfortable by a regular caregiver. The baby looks to particular people for security, comfort, and protection.
It shows fear of strangers (stranger fear) and unhappiness when separated from a special person (separation anxiety).