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For example: According to Smith, many penguins are difficult to interact with emotionally.
Instead of rewriting an entire passage of a paper, it may be possible to cut and paste selected parts, stringing them together in a way that presents the gist of the passage and still sounds natural. This generally proves to be a clumsy and intrusive method in a research paper, which is why paraphrasing is so useful.
In a paraphrased passage, you should still start out by referring to the original author, then summarize the relevant passage of the author’s work in your own words and in your own style.
When we quote someone, we use their exact words and place them within quotation marks.
When we paraphrase something, on the other hand, we try to express the same idea in our own words.
If a previous work supports your own there is a temptation to oversell the earlier work, as in the authors “proved” this or that.
How To Paraphrase In An Essay Nursing Dissertation Questions
But scientific experiments cannot prove anything; they can only support a hypothesis or disprove alternatives. The situation is somewhat similar in the use of paraphrases.This offers a few advantages over quoting: This is not to say that you can’t quote sources in other situations, but most of the document should be your own words.Whether you quote or paraphrase, though, you still need to give a citation.List the last name of the author after an open parenthetical mark.List the page numbers you are paraphrasing, and then close your citation with a parenthetical mark.Quoting sources in an essay is a bit like cutting your toenails: useful to do now and then, but you can definitely go too far.However, rather than leading to sore toes, excessive quoting can mean you lose marks on your work (which is arguably far worse). Paraphrasing and quoting are two ways of referring to someone else’s ideas in your writing.Hopefully, you’re now keen to start paraphrasing sources in your work. Check out the five tips below for some handy advice!When writing a research paper, a researcher will often need to refer to a previous publication and summarize the findings in a paraphrase. Because quoting the entire passage of interest will take up too much space and may contain much information that is not relevant.Also, the original passage might be written in a style or language not readily understood by the intended readers.Here are some guidelines for paraphrasing correctly. If you copy from another work, you must cite the author and then place the copied parts in quotation marks.