This moved away from the punitive model, coming a step closer to more inclusive responses to crime.
These are now grouped under the umbrella name of restorative justice.
However, this chain of reforms, legislative amendments and policy adaptations is said to have found its end of days when the New Labour was elected in government just before the turn of the Millennium.
In particular, the first wave of youth justice radical reforms took place with the Crime and Disorder Act 1998, which laid the foundations of a new paradigm on which the system was going to be based.
These strict reforms came to their pick with the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.
Youth Justice after the Crime and Disorder Act As it is apparent from the above analysis, over the last two hundred years most of the governmental responses to juvenile delinquency have been punitive.As a result, the governmental machinery is the primary guardian of peace and order and no other power can override this.This is expressed in the different public institutions that this Act introduced and which were meant to educate young offenders.This could potentially lead them to remorse and amendment.This new foundation of juvenile justice was found in the norms and principles of an old paradigm which was favoured by the early communities.This model was retained until the Young Persons Act 1933 which introduced a system that was an amalgamation of welfare and punitive measures for crime control .After the second World War, when Labour was elected in government, the Children Act 1945 took the system back to its welfare character while the Children and Young Persons Act 1963 introduced stronger welfarism institutions.Steven Truscott was a 14 year old boy who was sentenced to life in prison after being accused of the murder of Lynn Harper.It was June 9, 1959 when Lynne Harper, a 12 year old girl, was heading towards a nearby school after having family dinner with her parents Leslie and Shirley. Lynn clambered onto the handlebars of the 14-year-old boy's bike and they pedaled off.The Act shifted practice towards the use of diversion, minimising the use of detention centres and borstals and replacing them with community measures .However, when government changed, the Conservatives took the system back to its punitive character introducing the Criminal Justice Act 1982, which gave the magistrates the authority to exercise new powers such as youth custody and parental fines .