Leaders exploit human potential and transform it into output. “Zeal is ardor, earnestness and intensity in the execution of work; confidence reflects experience and technical ability.” The ability to influence the behaviour of others is known as leadership.Leadership depends upon personal traits: Everybody cannot be a leader.
Essay Contents: Leader is an integral part of work and social life.
It inspires confidence and support among group members to achieve the organisational goals.
Leadership is the process by which an executive imaginatively directs, guides and influences the work of others in choosing and attaining specified goals, by mediating between individuals and the organisation in a manner that both obtain maximum satisfaction.
Dynamic and effective leadership leads an organisation towards success.“A leader is one who conducts, acts as a guide to others in action or opinion, one who takes the lead in any enterprise or movement, one who is ‘followed’ by disciples or adherents, the most eminent member of a profession, a person of eminent position and influence.”Leadership is “influence, that is, the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically towards the achievement of group goals”.— Koontz and Weihrich It is “the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives enthusiastically.”— Keith Davis“Leadership is the process of influencing others to work towards the attainment of specific goals.”— Pearce and Robinson“Leadership is the relationship in which the leader influences others to work together willingly on related tasks to attain goals desired by the leader and/or group.”— Terry and Franklin1.
Mathematically, L= f (l, f, s)where L = Leadership; I = leader; f = follower; s = situation Leadership is determined by characteristics of the leader, the team and the situations that prevail in the organisation.5.
Role model: Leaders are role models for their followers.An employee knows that his superiors have power to issue him directions.(b) Reward power: It is the power to give rewards in the form of bonus, increments, promotion etc.for positive contribution to organisational goals.(c) Coercive power: It is the power to punish undesirable tasks.Wherever a person influences the behaviour of others, he exercises leadership.An educational institution, a charitable organisation, military organisation, hospital or a family at home require leadership sometime or the other.8.Situation plays important role in determining the style of leadership.3. management: Leadership is different from management. While management assumes hierarchical relationship amongst individuals, leaders and followers may not be related to each other through the formal chain of command.4.Leadership is a function: Leadership is a function of the leader, follower and the situation. Leadership occurs in all formal and informal situations. In any situation, when people want to accomplish some goal, a leader is required.People should follow him voluntarily by virtue of what he is and what he does and not because of the position.6.Leaders are also followers: Leaders also have someone above them to whom they report.