In-Text Citations: In-text citations appear in the body of your paper.
Although the general trend has been moving toward italicizing instead of underlining, you should remain consistent with your choice throughout your paper.
To be safe, you could check with your teacher to find out which he/she prefers.
(8th ed.), and is appropriate for most academic and professional writing.
Newspapers tend to favor quotation marks in place of italics for most titles.
This handout should help to clarify when and how to use various marks of punctuation. Although there is no set rule that requires a comma before the last item in a series, it seems to be a general academic convention to include it. Use a comma to separate nonessential elements from a sentence.
More specifically, when a sentence includes information that is not crucial to the message or intent of the sentence, enclose it in or separate it by commas.Use a semicolon to join two independent clauses when the second clause restates the first or when the two clauses are of equal emphasis.Use a semicolon to join two independent clauses when the second clause begins with a conjunctive adverb (however, therefore, moreover, furthermore, thus, meanwhile, nonetheless, otherwise) or a transition (in fact, for example, that is, for instance, in addition, in other words, on the other hand, even so).Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.Summary: When speaking, we can pause or change the tone of our voices to indicate emphasis.Italicize the titles of magazines, books, newspapers, academic journals, films, television shows, long poems, plays of three or more acts, operas, musical albums, works of art, websites, and individual trains, planes, or ships.Note that the title of the opera is in italics, and the title of the excerpt, recitative or aria is in quotes.In terms of public legitimacy—that is, in terms of garnering support from state legislators, parents, donors, and university administrators—English departments are primarily places where advanced literacy is taught. Note that commas and periods are placed inside the closing quotation mark, and colons and semicolons are placed outside.The placement of question and exclamation marks depends on the situation. The American Modern Language Association (MLA) publishes the manual. The English departments at IRSC recommend MLA format for papers written in these fields.Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper.