Nuclear power is The Constitution states that it is designed, “To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries” (The Constitution).
Surface water is water in a river, lake or fresh water wetland.
Surface water is naturally replenished by precipitation and naturally lost through discharge to the oceans, evaporation, evapotranspiration and groundwater recharge.
Humans often increase storage capacity by constructing reservoirs and decrease it by draining wetlands.
Humans often increase runoff quantities and velocities by paving areas and channelizing the stream flow.
Renewable Energies include hydrogen fuel, biomass fuel, hydropower, solar power, geothermic energy, and nuclear power.
Hydrogen fuel is an amalgamation of hydrogen and oxygen which is used to produce electricity (Issit).
For example, many farms require large quantities of water in the spring, and no water at all in the winter.
To supply such a farm with water, a surface water system may require a large storage capacity to collect water throughout the year and release it in a short period of time.
Nevertheless, over the long term the average rate of precipitation within a watershed is the upper bound for average consumption of natural surface water from that watershed.
Natural surface water can be augmented by importing surface water from another watershed through a canal or pipeline.