Essay On Disadvantages Of Machines

Essay On Disadvantages Of Machines-40
Working on the same machine makes the work of a worker monotonous. The factory system gives rise to urbanisation with its bad effects like congestion, pollution, slums, dislocation of family life, diseases, etc.There is no joy and satisfaction for him because he performs the same work over the years. If the worker wants to migrate to some other place, it is difficult for him to find the same job in which he specialises. The use of machinery leads to the development of the factory system and the evils associated with it. Machinery adversely affects the economy in a number of ways: (a) Class conflicts lead to strikes and lockouts.

Working on the same machine makes the work of a worker monotonous. The factory system gives rise to urbanisation with its bad effects like congestion, pollution, slums, dislocation of family life, diseases, etc.There is no joy and satisfaction for him because he performs the same work over the years. If the worker wants to migrate to some other place, it is difficult for him to find the same job in which he specialises. The use of machinery leads to the development of the factory system and the evils associated with it. Machinery adversely affects the economy in a number of ways: (a) Class conflicts lead to strikes and lockouts.

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The manufacture of innumerable consumer goods from the smallest pin to the largest aeroplane has been made possible by machines.

Machines have, in turn, been manufactured by other machines, called capital goods.

The use of machines helps the producer in many ways which tends to increase his production and income.

It leads to large scale production, division of labour and specialisation. For example, a person operating a computer or a tractor finishes his work faster than many persons engaged in doing the same work by hands.

Read this article to learn about the economic effects of machinery: it’s advantages and disadvantages! Machines have become a part and parcel of modern life.

They are used in factories, offices, houses, construction, transportation, communications, power, etc.Fourthly, machines require for their operations, repairs and maintenance, educated and skilled manpower.This leads to the setting up of institutions on formal and technical education which create demand for the teaching staff.They have revolutioned the methods of production and increased productivity, production and income, thereby leading to a rapid economic growth.At the same time, machines have brought monotony in work, evils of the factory system, class conflicts, unequal distribution of wealth and income, etc.Machines provide a variety of consumer goods like TV, car, refrigerator, washing machine, household gadgets, etc.which make life comfortable and increase the standard of living of the people.The efficiency of the worker increases because he can work accurately and faster, and produce quality products in larger quantities.Jobs which are dirty dull and involve lifting of heavy loads are done by machines.They reduce production of goods and their prices rise, (b) Inequalities of income and wealth increase because profits rise rapidly than the rise in wages, (c) Often goods are produced in anticipation of demand, thereby leading to over production of goods.This leads to recession in the economy, (d) As machines replace men, there is unemployment in the country. Conclusion: Most of the adverse economic effects of machinery given above are not to be found except the evils of the factory system and urbanisation in modern times.

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