Conflicts In The Middle East Essay

Conflicts In The Middle East Essay-90
European geopolitics in the earlier half of the 20th century in the wider Middle East region contributed to a lot of instability overall.The British Empire, especially, played a major role in the region.The biblical Promised Land led to a political movement, Zionism, to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine, in the Middle East.

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The United States not only accepted the UN plan, it aggressively promoted it among the other members of the United Nations.

[US President, Harry] Truman had been personally moved by the tragedy of the Jews and by the condition of the refugees.

Yet, in contradiction to this, and to also get support of Jewish people, in 1917, Lord Arthur Balfour, then British Foreign Minister, issued a declaration (the Balfour Declaration).

This announced the British Empire’s support for the establishment of As a further complication, there was a deal between Imperial Britain and France to carve up the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire and divide control of the region. As with the 1885 Berlin Conference where Africa was carved up amongst the various European empires, parts of the Middle East were also to be carved up, which would require artificial borders, support of monarchies, dictators and other leaders that could be regarded as After World War II, the newly formed United Nations (which then had less developing countries as members) recommended the partition of Palestine into two states and the internationalization of Jerusalem.

That response and his earlier studies of the Bible made him open to the argument that emigration to Palestine was the proper remedy for the surviving Jews of Europe.

Yet he acknowledged later, in his memoirs, that he was He, like his predecessor, had promised he would take no action without fully consulting the Arabs, and he reneged.At that time, Palestine included all of Israel and today’s Occupied Territories, of Gaza, West Bank, etc.The increasing number of Jewish people immigrating to the increased tensions in the region.All of Israel's neighboring countries are populated and governed by Muslims.To many people, this seems like a problem in itself. Within Israel's neighboring countries lies a threat much greater than a religious belief.The minority Jewish people received the majority of the land.US support for the Israel state was driven by internal politics as the CATO Institute notes (quoted at length): In November 1947 the UN General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to recommend partition of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states.In the other there are Muslims, believing that Israel is their place of worship.For the last fifty-two years, Israel has been a country.The proposed apportionment should be assessed in light of the following facts: The Jewish portion was better land; by the end of 1947 the percentage of Palestine purchased by Jews was less than 7 percent; Jewish land purchases accounted for only 10 percent of the proposed Jewish state; and Jews made up less than one-third of the population of Palestine.Moreover, the Jewish state was to include 497,000 Arabs, who would constitute just under 50 percent of the new state's population.


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