This would mean that in the next 20 years or so, we would still have 1.7 billion, or 85%, of all vehicles powered by fossil fuels, continuing to belch out CO2 and other emissions for decades to come.
This is completely out of line with IPCC’s target of net zero emissions by around 2050.
They also pollute less and save drivers money through fuel savings.
The most advanced hybrids have larger batteries and can recharge their batteries from an outlet, allowing them to drive extended distances on electricity before switching to gasoline or diesel.
Different hybrids also use different types of "drivetrains," the mechanical components that deliver power to the driving wheels.
Learn about the implications of different hybrid drivetrains here.In the public imagination, the electric car – and the hybrid car before it – has been hailed as a key solution for consumers to reduce their environmental impact and help slow climate change.As one indicator, web searches for Tesla are up over 450% from 2012 to 2018 peak, and the company is now valued at over US billion on the stock market.There is one aspect that proponents of electric cars rarely raise and discuss, which is the broader system that electric cars are a part of.When we think of the electric car as a solution to our transport sustainability crisis, we tend to forget that our cars primarily exist to connect things, things that require immense extraction and fossil fuel energy to build, run and maintain: It is not just the car itself that is unsustainable; it is our entire way of life and the system that underpins it. Yes, that is correct – but only if there is also a concerted effort to solve the deeper systemic issues.Having an electric motor also allows for more efficient engine design.This "power assist" feature helps reduce demands on a hybrid’s gasoline engine, which in turn can be downsized and more efficiently operated.If needed, the conventional engine will reengage to provide more power for acceleration."Regenerative braking" is another fuel-saving feature. Conventional cars rely entirely on friction brakes to slow down, dissipating the vehicle's kinetic energy as heat.I am not against electric cars – I do think they can slightly reduce unsustainability. An electric car is still a car, and permeates our car-dependency the same as any other car. Focusing solely on individual action is a dangerous distraction.For there is a risk, a moral hazard if you will: by switching from a regular car to electric I might think that I am making a real difference, however this act does not in any way require me to question my way of life – or the system in which it takes place.