However, human history did not follow this "reasonable" path to a secular utopia.
The closing decades of the 20th century "provide a massive falsification of the idea" that modernization and secularization will lead to a decline in religion.
Three religiosity indicators were factor analyzed, resulting in an index for religiosity.
Results reveal that average parental fertility varied considerably according to religious groups, with Muslims being the most religious and the most fertile and Jews and Buddhists being the least.
It is their unshakable faith in secularization that may be the most "irrational" of all beliefs." (p. For nearly three centuries social scientists and assorted Western intellectuals have been promising the end of religion.
Each generation has been confident that within another few decades, or possibly a bit longer, humans will 'outgrow' belief in the supernatural.
Instead, we are witnessing a massive upsurge in religion around the world (The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics, Berger, p. This resurgence of religion has also played a part in an increasing number of violent conflicts around the world.
Secular intellectuals and elites have been shocked by this development, because it is proving that their fundamental assumptions about human beings and human society are absolutely wrong!
Data from the US and South America, however, began to challenge many of their basic assumptions.
The secularisation thesis is probably the biggest central theme and certainly the most hotly debated in the sociology of religion, certainly since the 1960’s.