Augmentation Research Papers

Augmentation Research Papers-37
Particularly, we consider human enhancement applications in the areas of communication, cognitive enhancement, memory, decision making, attention monitoring/enhancement, situation awareness, social interactions, and complex problem solving. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2004.834629 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Khaliliardali, Z., Chavarriaga, R., Gheorghe, L.

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Firstly, we survey the main neuroscience technologies for both observing and influencing brain activity, which are necessary ingredients for human cognitive augmentation.

We also compare and contrast such technologies, as their individual characteristics (e.g., spatio-temporal resolution, invasiveness, portability, energy requirements, and cost) influence their current and future role in human cognitive augmentation.

Finally, based on the lessons learned in our analysis, using past trends and considering other related forecasts, we attempt to forecast the most likely future developments of neuroscience technology for human cognitive augmentation and provide informed recommendations for promising future research and exploitation avenues.

Human enhancement refers to a very broad range of techniques and approaches aimed at augmenting body or cognitive functions, through performance-enhancing drugs, prosthetics, medical implants, human-computer teaming, etc., that result in improved characteristics and capabilities, sometimes beyond the existing human range (Moore, 2008). Getting to know you: reputation and trust in a two-person economic exchange. doi: 10.1126/science.1108062 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Kotchoubey, B., Schleichert, H., Lutzenberger, W., and Birbaumer, N. A new method for self-regulation of slow cortical potentials in a timed paradigm.

Recent advances in neuroscience have paved the way to innovative applications that cognitively augment and enhance humans in a variety of contexts.

This paper aims at providing a snapshot of the current state of the art and a motivated forecast of the most likely developments in the next two decades. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00602 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Krol, L., M Andreessen, L., and Zander, T. “Passive brain-computer interfaces: a perspective on increased interactivity,” in Brain-Computer Interfaces Handbook: Technological and Theoretical Advances, eds C. Readers interested in more details on recent techniques in brain function augmentation and futuristic applications are encouraged consult the comprehensive three-volume, 148-article special issue/research topic edited by Lebedev et al. We also compare and contrast such technologies, as their individual characteristics (e.g., spatio-temporal resolution, invasiveness, portability, energy requirements, and cost) influence their current and future role in human cognitive augmentation. Section 3 charts the state of the art on neurotechnologies for human cognitive augmentation, keeping an eye both on the applications that already exist and those that are emerging or are likely to emerge in the next two decades. These have made this technology suitable for human cognitive augmentation applications (Coyle et al., 2007; Ayaz et al., 2013; Mc Kendrick et al., 2014; Naseer and Hong, 2015), especially when paired with brain stimulation technologies, for example, to enhance spatial working memory (Mc Kendrick et al., 2015). However, f NIRS has a low spatial and temporal resolutions. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.20 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Iturrate, I., Montesano, L., and Minguez, J. “Shared-control brain-computer interface for a two dimensional reaching task using EEG error-related potentials,” in Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS (Osaka), 5258–5262. The development of techniques for recording and stimulating neural activity has produced a revolution in the ability to understand the cognitive mechanisms related to perception, memory, attention, and the planning and execution of actions. However, whether or not these techniques can realistically be used for cognitive augmentation depends not only on how effective they are at detecting interpretable neural activity and/or stimulating specific target areas of the brain, but also on a number of other relevant factors. doi: 10.1109/86.847815 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Kennedy, P. Unfortunately, f MRI needs big and expensive equipment for signal acquisition. For these reasons, despite few attempts to use it for communication (Weiskopf et al., 2004; van der Heiden et al., 2014), it is generally unsuitable for human augmentation applications (van Erp et al., 2012). Secondly, we chart the state of the art on neurotechnologies for human cognitive augmentation, keeping an eye both on the applications that already exist and those that are emerging or are likely to emerge in the next two decades. doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2014.00025 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Krause, B., Márquez-Ruiz, J., and Cohen Kadosh, R. The effect of transcranial direct current stimulation: a role for cortical excitation/inhibition balance? Particularly, we consider applications in the areas of communication, cognitive enhancement, memory, attention monitoring/enhancement, situation awareness and complex problem solving, and we look at what fraction of the population might benefit from such technologies and at the demands they impose in terms of user training.

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